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2. Misdemeanors

Misdemeanors are offenses that are punishable by a fine and/or term in the county jail. The following two conditions must exist in order for you to arrest a person on a misdemeanor charge:

  1. The misdemeanor must have been attempted or committed.
  2. It must have taken place (happened) in your presence.

The following are common misdemeanors (PC stands for Penal Code):

  • Assault: – (§240 PC) An unlawful attempt coupled with the present ability to commit a violent injury upon the person of another.
  • Battery: – (§242 PC) Any willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon another person.
  • Disturbing the Peace: – (§415 PC) Unlawfully fighting in a public place or challenging to fight; malicious and willful disturbances of another by loud and unreasonable noise; using offensive words to provoke a violent reaction.
  • Indecent Exposure: – (§314 PC) The act of exposing the person or private parts thereof in any public place where other persons may be offended.
  • Littering: – (§374 PC) Throwing waste matter in a place other than designated containers.
  • Petty Theft: – (§488 PC) The taking of property of a value of $950.00 or less (this is often the case in shoplifting.)
  • Trespassing: – (§602 PC) Entering posted property without permission. Damaging or destroying property, or refusing to leave when asked by the owner or his agent.
  • Vandalism: – (§594 PC) Maliciously defacing, damaging, or destroying property.