Misdemeanors are offenses that are punishable by a fine and/or term in the county jail. The following two conditions must exist in order for you to arrest a person on a misdemeanor charge:
- The misdemeanor must have been attempted or committed.
- It must have taken place (happened) in your presence.
The following are common misdemeanors (PC stands for Penal Code):
- Assault: – (§240 PC) An unlawful attempt coupled with the present ability to commit a violent injury upon the person of another.
- Battery: – (§242 PC) Any willful and unlawful use of force or violence upon another person.
- Disturbing the Peace: – (§415 PC) Unlawfully fighting in a public place or challenging to fight; malicious and willful disturbances of another by loud and unreasonable noise; using offensive words to provoke a violent reaction.
- Indecent Exposure: – (§314 PC) The act of exposing the person or private parts thereof in any public place where other persons may be offended.
- Littering: – (§374 PC) Throwing waste matter in a place other than designated containers.
- Petty Theft: – (§488 PC) The taking of property of a value of $950.00 or less (this is often the case in shoplifting.)
- Trespassing: – (§602 PC) Entering posted property without permission. Damaging or destroying property, or refusing to leave when asked by the owner or his agent.
- Vandalism: – (§594 PC) Maliciously defacing, damaging, or destroying property.